Necrotising Sarcoid Granulomatosis

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Necrotising granulomatosis sarcoidosis
Histopathology of the supraclavicular ganglion exeresis (case 1). Nodular granulomatosis with extensive necrosis replacing the normal tissue architecture (haematoxilina-eosina, magnified ×4).

A 24-year-old female patient, 37 weeks pregnant presented to the Internal Medicine Department with supraclavicular lymphadenopathy on the left side. The lymphadenopathy was biopsied using fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). The patient was diagnosed with necrotising sarcoid granulomatosis.

Similarly, in another case, a 31-year-old male patient presented with neurological symptoms including sphincter incontinence, instability, weakness in the right lower limb, peripheral vertigo and bradypsychia. Cerebral nuclear magnetic resonance imaging was remarkable of meningeal uptake. Chest tomography scan showed mediastinal nodules and bilateral bronchoalveolar infiltrates. Histopathological analysis of the biopsied lesion revealed sarcoid-like granulomas with extensive necrosis. Initial treatment included treatment with antituberculous drugs. However, both patients did not respond to treatment, leading to the possibility of necrotising sarcoid granulomatosis.

Treatment with glucocorticoids showed improvement in both patients.

Necrotising sarcoid granulomatosis

The disease is a rare illness which presents with nodular lung lesions. It is a little-known form of disease which has similar pathologic and clinical findings as sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown aetiology. Symptoms include, noncaseifying epithelioid granulomas commonly in the lungs, skin and eyes. The presence of necrosis often leads to the misdiagnosis of tuberculosis. This further leads to a delay in treatment. Similarly, the same happened in case of these two patients.

References

Necrotizing Sarcoid Granulomatosis: A Disease Not to be Forgotten https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7007929/

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Dr. Aiman Shahab is a dentist with a bachelor’s degree from Dow University of Health Sciences. She is an experienced freelance writer with a demonstrated history of working in the health industry. Skilled in general dentistry, she is currently working as an associate dentist at a private dental clinic in Karachi, freelance content writer and as a part time science instructor with Little Medical School. She has also been an ambassador for PDC in the past from the year 2016 – 2018, and her responsibilities included acting as a representative and volunteer for PDC with an intention to make the dental community of Pakistan more connected and to work for benefiting the underprivileged. When she’s not working, you’ll either find her reading or aimlessly walking around for the sake of exploring. Her future plans include getting a master’s degree in maxillofacial and oral surgery, settled in a metropolitan city of North America.

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