For the first time ever, a new ultrasound technique can measure the level of tension in human tissue. Developed by researchers at the University of Sheffield, it is a key indicator of disease.
This breakthrough by Dr Artur Gower and other researchers could be used to build ultrasound machines that may be able to diagnose abnormal tissue, scarring, and cancer.
Sound waves are used in ultrasounds to create images of organs inside the human body. However, the current imaging techniques do not diagnose whether the tissue is abnormal. Hence, to make this diagnosis better, the researchers developed a way to measure forces, for example, tension with the help of an ultrasound machine. Moreover, all living tissues generate tension. So, measuring it can help indicate if the tissues are functioning properly or if they are affected by the disease.
A technique was harnessed by researchers from a rail project at the University of Sheffield. It used sound waves to measure tension along railway lines. Furthermore, both rail and medical ultrasound were used, which relies on a simple principle. “The greater the tension, the faster the sound waves propagate.”
This principle was taken into consideration when the researchers developed a method that sends two sound waves in different directions. Furthermore, after this, the tension is linked with the speed of the waves using mathematical theories developed by the researchers.
Previously, the struggle was to differentiate between stiff tissues and tissue under tension using ultrasound. This technique is the first of its kind, capable of measuring tension in any type of soft tissue without any details about it.
Dr Artur Gower said,
He further added,